Did you know?
Many people who get hepatitis B show no symptoms and may not know they have the disease.
- Hepatitis B is a virus that attacks the liver.
- Hepatitis B virus is spread from one infected person to another by contact with blood or body fluids.
- Mothers who are infected with the hepatitis B virus can pass the virus to their newborn babies during delivery.
- It can cause serious disease including permanent liver damage called cirrhosis.
- Hepatitis B is also the main cause of liver cancer, which can be fatal.
- When young children get infected with the hepatitis B virus they often do not have symptoms but most will stay infected for life. This is why getting protection from the vaccine at a young age is important.
- The hepatitis B vaccine is provided free to infants as part of their routine immunizations at 2, 4 and 6 months of age. It is usually given as a combined vaccine with diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (the DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib vaccine).
- The hepatitis B vaccine is also provided to students in Grade 6 who have not received the vaccine.
- People born in 1980 or later who have never received the hepatitis B vaccine or the recommended number of doses for their age can also get the vaccine for free.
- The vaccine is also provided free to children and adults at high risk of hepatitis B infection.
Anyone who is not eligible for a free hepatitis B vaccine can purchase it at most pharmacies and travel clinics.