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Routine vaccines by age group

Date last reviewed: 
Friday, Jun 07, 2024
Getting your child immunized is one of the most important ways to keep them healthy and safe.
Children are offered routine vaccines at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 18 months of age, at kindergarten entry, and in school. Starting at 6 months, they are also routinely offered the influenza (flu) vaccine yearly and the COVID-19 vaccine as recommended. Routine vaccines are free. 
 
Review the tabs below or the immunization schedule to find out what vaccines are recommended for your child based on their age.  
 

Infants and young children

2 months
 
4 months
 
6 months
 
12 months
 
18 months
 
Yearly
 
  • Influenza (flu) vaccine (starting at 6 months of age during influenza season). A second dose is needed 4 weeks after the first if receiving the vaccine for the first time.
As recommended
 
 
 
 

Kindergarten-age children

4 - 6 years (kindergarten entry)
 
Yearly
 
  • Influenza (flu) vaccine (during influenza season). A second dose is needed 4 weeks after the first if receiving the vaccine for the first time.
As recommended
 
 
 

School-age children & teens

Grade 6
 
Grade 9
 
Yearly
 
  • Influenza (flu) vaccine (during influenza season). Children under 9 years of age who have never had an influenza vaccine need 2 doses, 4 weeks apart.
As recommended
 
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Your child may be offered other vaccines if they have not had all doses of the recommended vaccines they are eligible for. 
 
 

Children with medical conditions

Children with certain medical conditions may need additional vaccines or additional doses of vaccines. Talk to your healthcare provider about what vaccines your child may need.
 

Travel vaccines

When travelling outside of Canada, your family may be at risk of getting and spreading diseases that are rare or not found in Canada. It's important to get all the recommended and required vaccines for the countries your family plans to visit. Find more information on travel vaccines.
 

Vaccines for extra protection

In addition to the free routine vaccines your child is offered, there are other vaccines you can buy. These vaccines can help protect your child against even more diseases. Find information on vaccines for extra protection.
 

It's not too late to catch up 

If your child missed a vaccine, you can contact your immunization provider (i.e. public health unit, community health centre, nursing station, doctor, pharmacist) to make an appointment for your child to get caught up.