Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
Did you know?
For every 20 children who get sick with Hib, 1 may die.
Marijean shares her story about how her son, Farin, died of Hib meningitis.
What is the Hib vaccine?
The Hib vaccine protects against infection from the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Despite its name, this disease is not the same as influenza (the flu).
The Hib vaccine is usually combined with other vaccines so that you or your child can get protection against several diseases with fewer shots.
Who should get the Hib vaccine?
The Hib vaccine is recommended for all children younger than 5 years of age. Some older children and adults with certain medical conditions should also get the vaccine. There are many different vaccines used to prevent Hib.
- The Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib) Vaccine is given as a series of 3 doses to infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age.
- The Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) Vaccine is given to infants as a booster dose at 18 months of age after completing a three-dose primary series of DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib.
- The Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Vaccine is given to some people 5 years of age and older with certain medical conditions.
What are the benefits of the Hib vaccine?
The Hib vaccine is the best way to protect against Hib infection, a serious and sometimes fatal disease.
Where can I learn more?
Click on the vaccine name above to access the HealthLink BC file for more information about the vaccine, including possible reactions and who should not get the vaccine.
- Hib is a bacteria that most commonly infects children under 5 years of age.
- Hib infection is spread by coughing, sneezing, or by having close face-to-face contact.
- It can cause serious and life-threatening infections, including meningitis, an infection of the lining that covers the brain, and septicemia, an infection of the blood.
- In the early 1990s, Hib was the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children younger than 5 years of age in Canada. Hib is now rare in Canada because of routine childhood vaccination programs.