Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)

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Did you know? 

For every 20 children who get sick with Hib, 1 may die.

Farin's story

Marijean shares her story about how her son, Farin, died of Hib meningitis.  

The disease

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacteria that most commonly infects children under 5 years of age.
  • Hib infection is spread by coughing, sneezing or by having close face-to-face contact.
  • It can cause serious and life-threatening infections including meningitis, an infection of the lining that covers the brain, and septicemia, an infection of the blood. 
  • In the early 1990s, Hib was the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children younger than 5 years of age in Canada. Hib is now rare in Canada because of routine childhood vaccination programs. 

The vaccine

The Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine is combined with other vaccines so that you or your child can get protection against several diseases with fewer shots.  There are several combination vaccines used to prevent Hib in infants, children, adolescents and adults. 

Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib) Vaccine

  • This vaccine is given as a series of 3 doses to infants at 2, 4 and 6 months of age. 

Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) Vaccine

  • This vaccine is given to infants as a booster dose at 18 months of age after completing a three dose primary series of DTaP-HB-IPV-Hib.

 Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Vaccine

  • Some people 5 years of age and older with certain medical conditions should get this vaccine. 
Date last updated: 
Monday, Nov 20, 2017
Date last reviewed: 
Wednesday, Nov 01, 2017