Half of all people who get hepatitis B can't tell they have the disease.
DSI Hepatitis B
About the vaccine
The hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B infection and its complications such as permanent liver damage, which can lead to liver cancer and death.
Vaccines are very safe. It is much safer to get the vaccine than to get Hepatitis B.
Who should get the vaccine?
The hepatitis B vaccine is provided free to infants as part of their routine immunizations. It is given in combination with other childhood vaccines so that they can be protected against several diseases with one shot.
The vaccine is also provided free to people born in 1980 or later who have never received the vaccine or have not received the recommended number of doses for their age.
The vaccine is also provided free to children and adults at high risk of hepatitis B infection, including:
Children under 12 years of age whose families have emigrated from areas with high rates of hepatitis B
Household contacts of internationally adopted children
Household and sexual contacts of someone with hepatitis B
Males who have sexual contact with other males
Those with many sexual partners or a recent sexually transmitted infection
Illicit drug users and their sexual partners
Those with chronic liver disease, hepatitis C, or a liver transplant
Those with chronic kidney disease including predialysis, hemodialysis, or peritoneal dialysis patients.
Those who have received a kidney or stem cell transplant.
Those who have hemophilia or receive repeated infusions of blood or blood products.
Those who are HIV positive
Inmates of a correctional facility
Teachers, staff and students in a childcare setting attended by a child with hepatitis B whose behaviour or medical condition increases the chances of exposure to that child's blood or body fluids.
Staff or residents in a community group home for the developmentally challenged
Students training in a health care profession, health care workers, pharmacists and others who may have contact with blood and body fluids in their jobs
Vaccines are available from public health units, doctors' offices and pharmacies (for people 5 years of age and older). Anyone who is not eligible for a free hepatitis B vaccine can purchase it at most pharmacies and travel clinics. Services vary across BC.
About the disease
Hepatitis B is a virus that attacks the liver
It can cause serious disease including permanent liver damage (cirrhosis)
Hepatitis B is also the main cause of liver cancer, which can be fatal
Half of all people who get hepatitis B can't tell they have the disease
Hepatitis B virus is spread from one infected person to another by contact with blood or body fluids. Mothers who are infected with hepatitis B virus can pass the virus to their newborn babies during delivery
Whether you have signs of illness or not, if you have the virus in your body you can pass it on to others
Signs of illness may be: tiredness, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, tenderness in the upper right side of the stomach area, dark colored urine, clay colored stools and a yellowing of skin and eyeballs (jaundice)
PHSA improves the health of British Columbians by seeking province-wide solutions to specialized health care needs in collaboration with BC health authorities and other partners. Learn more about our agencies and services.